Robotics is the branch which deals with the construction , operation and application of robots. It is the platform where all engineers can work under the same roof, because they all have a role to play here. Designing , building, programming and testing a robot is a combined involvement of all engineers. The most exciting area in robotics is reproducing devices that looks like a human and behave like living life. Amazing individuals around the planet are volunteering countless hours to develop softwares to make it understand easily.
For many people it is a machine that imitates a human-like the androids in starwars,terminator etc. As strange as it might seem to be, but there is no standard definition of a robot. In a layman language, it can be said as a system which can work on its own according to our need by programming for various tasks.
Ams AG, Boston Dynamics,GOOGLE are some of the companies which are working on humanoid robots to take the sensing to the next level by providing a seamless interface between humans and technology.
Boston Dynamics is perhaps known for its ATLAS humanoid robot, which is electrically powered and hydraulically actuated. It uses sensors in its body and legs to balance and LIDAR and stereo sensors in its head to avoid obstacles, assess the terrain and help with navigation.
One cannot neglect one of the innovation-by GOOGLE- self-driven cars-that are designed to take you where you want to go, at the push of a button. Everyone could get around easily and safely, regardless of their ability to drive. They have sensors which can detect objects as far as teo football fields, in all thr directions, even including the fluttering plastic bags.
Honda has worked on an interactive, walking robot ,aiming to improve our quality of life. The company started with legs, and improved its models over time.In October 2000, Honda debuted the famous ASIMO robot — Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility — the first one designed both to function in a human environment and also to incorporate predicted movement control (hence, a more natural walking movement). The four-foot, three-inch tall robot’s claim to fame was its advanced technology (i.e., hip joints) that allowed it to walk smoothly and climb stairs.
Drones, or Unmanned aerial vehicles, have become an important and controversial part of military capacity in recent years. They are also used in agriculture, for filming and multiple other applications that require cheap and extensive aerial surveillance. But so far all these drones have had human pilots; the difference is that their pilots are on the ground and fly the aircraft remotely. Flying vehicles will never be risk-free, whether operated by humans or as intelligent machines. For widespread adoption, sense and avoid drones must be able to operate reliably in the most difficult conditions: at night, in blizzards or dust storms.
Daksh is an electrically powered and remotely controlled robot used for locating, handling and destroying hazardous objects safely whose primary role is to recover bombs. Developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation, it is fully automated. It can navigate staircases, negotiate steep slopes, navigate narrow corridors and tow vehicles to reach hazardous materials. Using its robotized arm, it can lift a suspect object and scan it using its portable X-Ray device. It has a shotgun, which can break open locked doors, and it can scan cars for explosives.
A security robot called the INTELLOS Automated Unmanned Ground Vehicle (A-UGV), which launched at ASIS International, provides around-the-clock surveillance by detecting, inspecting, detering, and reporting suspicious activity. Unlike existing remote control robots that require a trained, human operator, an A-UGV is essentially a self-directed robot that navigates on the ground without a human driver. After its route is programmed, it is capable of operating outdoors around a facility and can be equipped to extend human capabilities, such as sight, using an array of cameras, which include optional thermal imaging.